Pandemics have occurred throughout human history. However, over the last century, their likelihood has drastically increased because of rapid urbanization, increased global travel and integration, changes in utilization of land, and persistent exploitation of the ecosystem by humans.
Though the international community has made sustained investments in recent years for building health capacity including dengue spray services to improve human preparedness against pandemics, the risk of local outbreaks turning into global epidemics still continues to exist.
The article discusses some of the common diseases that have already been declared as global pandemics and viral diseases that are likely to cause a future epidemic.
The virus is spread by female Aedes aegypti mosquitos.
According to studies, the disease infects around 50-100 million individuals annually. The symptoms of the disease can range from mild to severe.
Dengue virus is very common in tropical and subtropical regions, including China, the Indian Subcontinent, Africa, Central America, South America, Central Pacific, the South Pacific, the Middle East, and the Caribbean.
The novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a respiratory disease caused by a newly-discovered virus known as SARS-CoV-2. First identified in Wuhan, China, back in December 2019, the disease spread rapidly throughout the world and was subsequently declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO).
To date, more than 10.7 million infections, and over 0.6 million deaths have been reported from the disease.
Cholera is an infectious disease infection that causes severe watery diarrhea, which, if left untreated, may lead to dehydration and even death in extreme cases. The disease is caused by the ingestion of contaminated water and food containing a bacterium known as Vibrio cholera.
Cholera causes severe watery diarrhea, which may lead to dehydration and even death if not a treatment on time.
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a serious viral infection caused by a virus belonging to the family of Filoviridae. Primary signs and symptoms of the disease include fever, aches and pains, and abdominal pain.
Lassa fever is an acute viral infection prevalent in Western Africa and its symptoms are similar to those of Ebola. Humans usually become infected by eating food or exposure to items contaminated with the urine of infected Mastomys rats. The disease is prevalent in certain parts of South America and Africa.
The disease was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2020 and has since spread to several parts of the world, including the Middle East, the United States, and the United Kingdom. The disease has claimed the lives of more than 800 people to date.
Rift Valley Fever:
Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is an actual viral spread mainly by mosquitos. Though the disease commonly affects animals, it is also capable of infecting humans. In extreme cases, it can lead to hemorrhagic fever that may prove fatal.
The disease is prevalent in tropical regions, America, and Africa.
Zika virus is a flavivirus that is transmitted to humans primarily by infected female Aedes mosquitoes. Though most of its infections are mild and usually not harmful, it may be serious for pregnant women.
The dengue season has arrived, and it is important to take necessary measures to protect yourself and your family from dengue infection. Since there is currently no vaccine available for the disease, the extermination of dengue mosquitoes using infestations is the only vector control method for dengue prevention.
At Service Square, we take pride in being the leading dengue spray services provider in Pakistan.
Our cleanup technicians begin dengue spray in Islamabad with a thorough inspection of the building they work on and develop an individualized treatment plan for it.
They then target the mosquito hideouts with insecticides approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
They not only focus on tackling current infestations but also exterminate larvae to prevent them from breeding and growing as disease-carrying adults to minimize the risk of an infestation relapse.