If we divide the type of lawsuit into the branch categories, we will get civil and criminal lawsuits. Among the two, civil lawsuits are the simplest ones where the victims wished for damage compensation. On the other hand, criminal lawsuits are complex, and the punishment varies depending on the severity.
Seeing how complex the criminal lawsuit is, hardly anyone knows about its different types of lawsuits. So, we thought of taking this opportunity to introduce our readers to the types of criminal lawsuits one should be aware of.
What Is A Criminal Lawsuit?
Criminal law primarily concerns those accused of committing crimes. Criminal lawsuits go through complex procedures to define criminal acts, set punishments, and outline the rules guiding the process.
The U.S Constitution has set limits on the federal law and state laws on what they can and can’t do when it comes down to the criminal lawsuit. The courts interpret the situation and state how statutes and rules are applied to the criminal lawsuit.
How Are Criminal Crimes Classified?
Criminal crimes can be classified by their severity: Felonies, Misdemeanor, and Infractions.
- Felonies: Felonies are mostly categorized as serious offenses where another person is harmed. It is typically punished with at least one year of jail time. Click here to find out more on felonies in Missouri.
- Misdemeanor: Misdemeanor is a less serious crime generally punished by not more than one year of jail time. However, there are some cases where the misdemeanor can be elevated to felonies. For instance, the perpetrator has been charged multiple times for misdemeanor.
- Infraction: Infraction started at the bottom of the criminal lawsuits. This mostly includes traffic light violations and littering. These charges result in monetary compensation or court-ordered community services.
Types Of Criminal Lawsuits
Although there are different types of crimes, criminal lawsuits can be categorized into five different categories.
- Crime against a person.
- Crime against the property.
- Statutory crimes.
- Inchoate crimes.
- Financial crimes.
1. Criminal Lawsuit Against A Person
The criminal acts that happen against a person result in physical and mental harm are liable for a criminal lawsuit. These types of criminal lawsuits vary on a wide bandwidth of simple physical damage to homicide.
Some violent crimes that fall under this category are:
- Assault & Battery.
- Child Abuse.
- Domestic Abuse.
2. Crime Against Property
Crime against property means interference with the property of another party. Although this type of case might harm the person physically and mentally, the primary result is the deprivation of the use of the property.
Some common examples of crime against property are:
3. Statutory Criminal Lawsuit
Statutory crimes are the crimes that are done alongside the crimes we have discussed on the above points. There are three significant crimes associated with statutory crimes: drug possession charges, alcohol crimes, and white-collar crimes. These crimes are prohibited by statute because they affect and damage society.
4. Inchoate Criminal Lawsuit
Inchoate crimes are referred to the crimes that were initiated but were never completed. Inchoate crimes require more than just a person to prove whether it is a crime or not. The crime must be proved with evidence that shows individuals taking steps to complete the crime.
Inchoate crimes include:
5. Financial Criminal Lawsuit
Financial crimes are related to money and finances. These types of crimes are done to get illegal financial gains. A financial criminal lawsuit is where white-collar crimes are born.
Some of the common financial criminal lawsuits are:
- Money laundering.
- Tax evasion.
These are the main pillars of criminal lawsuits. Instead of talking about one particular lawsuit, we have tried to encapsulate it into categories. If you find this information helpful, share it with your friends and family so that they can also learn something new.